Dog Psychology: How Your Dog Sees The World Around Him
Dogs are social animals. They live in packs, and they communicate with each other through body language, vocalizations, and gestures.
Dogs have a keen sense of smell which helps them locate their food sources or potential mates. However, dogs do not just see things visually; they can also hear sounds from far away and even taste them (which may be poisonous).
How does your dog perceive the world around him? Does he see it all as clearly as humans do? Or is there something else going on in his mind that makes him see things differently than most other animals? Is he merely misinterpreting what’s happening around him, or is he actually seeing things that aren’t really there at all? What exactly are these invisible objects and how did your canine friend get so good at perceiving them so well?
It turns out that dogs’ ability to see things unseen is one of the best-documented cases of human perception ever recorded. Even the earliest cave paintings were created using shadows cast by our ancestors’ eyes! There are many theories about why dogs see things unseen, but the main reason seems to be due to their superior olfactory abilities. Dogs have been observed sniffing out hidden substances such as drugs, explosives, poisons and even corpses from up to 100 feet away. In fact, dogs are believed to have an extremely strong sense of smell that is even 1 million times stronger than our own.
There are also theories that their superior sense of smell is so strong that it allows them to see things that aren’t really there. The invisible trails of odor that emanate from objects contain a critical amount of information on what the object is and where it has been.
It is believed that this ability allows the dogs to perceive things that humans cannot see. The invisible world that only dogs can see is known as “caligo” or “place of darkness.”
The strong sense of smell that dogs have also affects their lives in many other ways. For example, a dog’s brain contains a special neural pattern known as the “smell cortex,” which is directly connected to the parts of the brain that deal with memory and emotion.
This means that a dog’s sense of smell has a very direct connection with how the dog perceives the world around him.
It is important to remember that no two dogs experience caligo in the same way. Some dogs are just better at it than others, and younger dogs have more developed smelling ability than older ones.
It is also possible for humans to learn how to experience caligo, but this requires a great deal of concentration and training.
Does your dog seem to be experiencing caligo in his day-to-day life?
Maybe he seems to know when you have something tasty hidden away in the cupboard. Maybe he keeps barking every time that the garbage is being delivered, even if you’re nowhere near the front door. Perhaps he can sniff out drugs or detect the early signs of cancer in humans. These are all telltale signs that your dog might be experiencing caligo. Even if you’re not entirely convinced or don’t believe that dogs can see things unseen, one thing is certain: the next time you come home to find that your shoe collection has been scattered all over the living room floor, you can be sure that it wasn’t the cat!
David Nield is a freelance writer and web designer with an interest in natural health and biology. He spends most of his free time writing fornuts.org, a website dedicated to providing people with information about Health Foods , Exercises and much more.
Check out his website at forNUTs.org
You are a dog lover and have always had at least one growing up. You have noticed more and more people are purchasing products for their dogs such as clothing, toys and even specialty foods.
You also have noticed that a lot of people read articles on interesting facts about dogs or general information on dog care. This business idea involves creating a blog that features a wide variety of content focused on dogs. You want your blog to be focused on providing interesting and useful content related to dogs. You plan to do this by creating a website that includes a number of different types of articles such as:
Interesting Facts about Dogs: There are many interesting facts about dogs that most people don’t know.
For instance, did you know that when playing with other dogs, it is thought that they communicate with one another through a process known as Caligo?
Caligo describes the theory that dogs can see things that are invisible to humans, such as smell-producing chemicals known as pheromones.
The goal of this type of article is to provide readers with new information that they did not know about dogs. As a general rule, you want at least some of the information in these types of articles to be genuinely new and not something that could easily be googled by the reader.
Tips for Raising a Dog: The goal of these types of articles is to provide people with tips to help them better care for their dogs. As with the “Interesting Facts” type of article, you want your content to be original and not easily googled.
A common source of articles for this section could include providing tips for dealing with problem behaviors such as chewing, digging or keeping your dog calm during fireworks.
General Care Information: As with the “Interesting Facts” and “Tips for Raising a Dog” sections, the goal of this section is to provide people with information on caring for their dog. The main difference is that instead of focusing on providing your reader with tips and tricks, you instead focus on the why behind the tip or trick.
For instance, if one of your articles was about feeding your dog, you could discuss what types of food are best for dogs and why. You could also discuss the different benefits of dry food vs canned food.
These types of articles are less likely to have original content than the other two and will primarily be a regurgitation of facts that can be found online or in pamphlet form at the local pet store. While you don’t want ALL of your content to be easily googled, you DO want some of it to be so that you can easily build up your site’s reputation online.
If people regularly find your content to be useful and informative, they are more likely to link to it, which will help your website gain more visibility online.
Ideally, you want a healthy mix of all three types of articles on your site. In addition, you should have at least one article for each section in each category.
The “Tips for Raising a Dog” category should have around 5-10 articles, while the “Interesting Facts” and “General Care Information” categories should each have around 10-15 articles each. This gives you a total of around 40 articles, which is a good amount to work with.
After creating all of your content, the next step is to make sure that your website looks professional. You need a simple layout that is easy to read.
The colors you choose should be bold and not too distracting. The font size you choose should be large enough to be easily read but not so large that it takes up too much space on the screen.
Remember that first and foremost, your website is a business and you want to give potential clients and customers the best experience possible. Having a nicely designed, easy to use website is an important part of this.
After working on layout and design, the next step is to get it online. There are several popular hosting sites like GoDaddy and Network Solutions that can help you get a website online quickly and easily, sometimes even in just a few minutes depending on how much help you need.
The cost for these services is usually low, with even the most expensive option running you less than $100 a year.
The last step is to publicize your site. You want to make sure people know it’s there and that it’s ready to be used.
This is a two-part process. The first part is making sure your site is listed on popular search engines like Google, Yahoo and Bing. While most people go directly to one of these search engines to look for things they need, a lot still rely on search engine results pages (or SERPs) that are list-based rather than directly searching.
The second part is getting online reviews. While some people will use your site based solely on its listed SERP placement, others will still be a little suspicious.
To convince these more skeptical visitors that your site is the real deal and not a fly-by-night operation, having positive, in-depth reviews directly on your site is important.
You can get online reviews in a few ways. The first and easiest is to simply ask friends and family to leave you reviews.
The second is to pay for reviews. Paying for positive reviews from websites or companies that offer them is frowned upon, but if done carefully, can still be effective. The third and most time-consuming is to ask clients to leave reviews directly on your site. While this will certainly work, it’ll take you a lot of time and effort to get even a few reviews this way.
No matter which of the three paths you choose, make sure you take the time to get online reviews. Having a few is better than having none at all but will not be as effective as you’d hope.
Once your site is online and you’ve got some reviews, the final step is building traffic to it. There are hundreds of ways to do this, from social media advertising to paying for ad placements on other sites.
There are also a lot of ways to increase the effectiveness of your traffic generation strategies, such as focusing on relevant search keywords or setting up ads to display at certain times of day when people are more likely to click.
One of the most important parts of increasing traffic is making sure your site is set up to handle more users. If your hosting can’t handle the extra load or if your site crashes due to too much traffic, all of your marketing efforts will have been for naught.
Make sure you scale up your hosting as necessary.
Despite the fact that your site has never been busier or more popular, there still is ongoing maintenance work that needs to be done. There may be pages that need to be updated or new content added.
If you no longer have the time or interest to work on your site, you’ll need to hire someone else to do it for you. As with most things, you can outsource this work if you find you don’t have the time or skillset to do it yourself.
Once your site is up and running smoothly, you’ll need to keep an eye on search engine algorithm updates. Each one can potentially cause major shifts in the SERPs and your site’s traffic may fluctuate as a result.
Depending on the update, you may need to make changes to your SEO strategies or your site architecture. Major updates can cause minor fluctuations as well, so staying on top of things will prevent you from being caught off-guard if there’s a sudden change.
Whether your webiste is a raging success or floundering failure, the one thing you can be sure of is that it will never be static. Like any business, sites must be maintained and updated on a regular basis.
Depending on the methods you use, some of these changes may be more or less difficult to implement.
For instance, a site that relies heavily on user-generated content will have an easy time updating and extending its library of articles. Updating a database might take a little more knowhow but it’s fairly straightforward to add new entries and edit existing ones.
If your site is a more static site and doesn’t rely on user-generated content, adding more pages might be as simple as creating and uploading a new Word document. Either way, you’ll need to keep an eye on your analytics data in order to see which pages are receiving the most views and attention.
These are the pages that need the most attention and updating.
In addition to updating content, you’ll also need to protect your site against online attacks. This means making sure that your site is equipped with the latest security patches and that you have a strong firewall in place.
Hackers are getting more and more sophisticated so keeping up to date their tricks means securing your site against them.
As your site becomes more popular, it’s easy to become complacent and assume that your website is secure. This couldn’t be further from the truth.
It’s up to you to ensure that your site is safe and secure or else everything you worked for will be destroyed in one fell swoop.
The most important thing of all is to keep your users happy. This is a common theme in all businesses regardless of the industry so it makes sense that this is the case for websites as well.
After all, no one wants to hang out at a website that crashes every five minutes or is constantly being hacked. The users are there to have a good experience and if you can provide that for them, you’ll be able to expand without any problems.
After a few months of running your own website, you’ve managed to gain a small amount of users and revenue. It isn’t much, but it’s enough to keep the site running and at this point, that’s all you need.
You look back at how far you’ve come since that first day when you had no idea what you were doing. The only thing that you do know is that you’re not going to stop here.
There’s no way that you’re going to let this fail.
While the search only yielded one potential employee, that’s one more than you had before. Hopefully, the other candidate shows up so you can get this thing off the ground.
You arrive early at the office as usual and sit at your desk to see if anyone is online. To your surprise, there are two people already in the chatbox ready to talk.
Youleh: How’s it going everyone?
Alex: Not much of a talker, are you?
Youleh: Not really. I’m just glad there are others who are even more introverted than I am.
Alex: Introverts unite!
Youleh: Haha, yeah.
So where are you from exactly, Alex?
Alex: Rhode Island. Been here all my life.
Youleh: Israel. Born and raised.
Alex: What brought you to America?
Youleh: University of Illinois. I’m studying Computer Science.
Alex: Oh that’s cool. I’m still trying to decide what I want to major in.
Alex: What about you?
I’m just here to talk to people.
Youleh: But if you two want to get to know each other better, I’m not going to stop you.
Youleh: I’m going to go check my email.
Youleh: Good talking to you.
Alex: Oh wait!
What’s your last name? Maybe we can search each other online?
Youleh has disconnected.
You stare at your screen in disbelief.
Did he seriously just leave?
You don’t understand why someone would come all the way to a website like this, just to leave after a few minutes. You aren’t sure if you should be worried or impressed.
You decide to go back to the chat box to talk to the other person who was here earlier.
Alex: So, what’s up with you?
Yoleh: Nothing much. Just listening to music.
Alex: Pretty much the same.
Yoleh: I like your avatar.
Is that you?
Alex: Yeah, when I was thirteen.
Yoleh: Why does it say it was taken in 2008, though?
You don’t look a day over sixteen.
Alex: Haha, yeah I get that a lot. It was actually taken right before I moved to Rhode Island.
Yoleh: So you just turned 16?
Alex: Yeah. I just had my birthday this past January, actually.
Yoleh: Weird. I thought you’d be much older than me.
But then again, I thought I was the only teen on here, haha.
Alex: Yeah, it’s surprising how many of us there are on here.
Yoleh: Indeed. Anyway, time for my music.
See you around.
You send Yoleh a quick message before logging off.
Yoleh: You’re online late.
Youleh: Yeah, I had some stuff to do for tomorrow.
Did you finish all your work?
Yoleh: Yeah, but I’m trying to figure out this stupid Math problem. Can’t remember how to do anything in Math anymore.
Seriously, why do we have to learn this stupid function stuff?
Yoleh: I mean, I can barely remember how to find the logarithm of e.
You laugh at Yoleh’s remark. Meanwhile, she types out an angry face in the chat box.
Youleh: What’s wrong?
Yoleh: This stupid Math problem. Ugh, it’s so frustrating!
Youleh: Let me see…
You take a quick look at what she’s talking about. You assume she’s having trouble with the logarithmic function.
Why would someone want to find the log of e, anyway?
“The log of e is a constant value equal to 1. That’s why you see it in so many different branches of math,” says your teacher.
“It’s an important number.”
You sit silently in class while the teacher continues his rant about the virtues of the number 1. You don’t get it.
You never quite understood the idea of functions, let alone the importance of the number 1 in them.
You look to your left, and notice a girl with long brown hair frantically writing down notes. You can’t quite make them out from this distance, but you can guess that she’s certainly a dedicated student.
Meanwhile, half of the class is either sleeping or pretending to sleep while the teacher drones on.
You think back to high school. How easy it was to make fun of Math class in front of your friends.
None of you actually liked it, but you had to do it to get a better life, as your parents constantly reminded you. But no matter how hard any of you tried, you couldn’t escape Math. It seemed there was no way to get ahead in life without the aid of numbers and equations.
You think back to your first year of college. You thought you had finally gotten away from Math, that is, until you had to take Calculus for Jedi Knights or something.
The class was so hard to pass that you didn’t even bother showing up to the last few classes. You ended up getting a D in the class, which almost prevented you from getting into this Master’s program. You don’t know how you would have dealt with that outcome; you don’t think you could have handled taking more Math classes.
Yes, numbers will always be a part of your life.
How did you feel while taking the class?
Hopeful. Maybe you’ll finally get it right this time. (A)
Terrified. You don’t want to take more Math classes, ever.
What if you fail the class?
You take a deep breath and sigh, looking at the computer screen in front of you.
“I can do this,” you mutter to yourself.
The screen reads as follows:
This is the start of your new semester at the Jedi Academy on the planet Ossus. You have enrolled in the Master’s Program for your final year of training.
After completing this program, you will be recognized as a full-fledged Jedi and given your own lightsaber. You will also be assigned a Jedi Master to serve under.
You have been given your own personal dorm room near the heart of campus. It’s certainly more spacious than the bunk beds and cramped rooms you had to suffer through in basic training.
In fact, the Academy provides most living necessities, as it is heavily subsidized by the New Republic government. Your family can rest easy; you will be well taken care of here.
Your classes this year are as follows:
Master Cilano: Jedi History (Tues/Thurs)
Master Dooku: Combat (Mon/Wed)
Master Endicott: Force Theory (Tues/Thurs)
Master Farfalla: Special Topics in Lightsaber Techniques (Mon/Wed)
Master Yaddle: Research and Writing (Tues/Thurs)
Which class would you like to attend?
“It’s a new year, a new start. You can do this.” You mutter to yourself as you stand in front of the large stone Academy buildings. The main entrances are for the kindergarteners learning the ways of the Force; you’ll have to find one of the lesser-known entrances for upperclassmen.
You head to the back and locate a small entrance around some foliage, pushing it open and walking inside. You’re met with a small security droid, the type commonly used to ward off would-be thieves and criminals in back alleys.
Who are you?
Report!” The droid blips and beeps as it turns to you.
“I’m a new student.” You reply.
“I’m supposed to report to the Jedi Masters.”
“One moment.” The droid replies, as its camera lens zooms in on your face.
It scans you for a few second before turning back to you. “Apologies, Master. You may enter.” The droid moves out of the way, allowing you to pass.
You breathe a sigh of relief; droids can recognize Force-sensitives and will automatically let us through. These droids are specifically designed to ward off the Sith, who are not welcome on campus.
You walk through the courtyard and into the Academy’s main hall. You’ve never been to the Academy, but you’ve heard great things.
All of the buildings are made of a light tan stone, with large windows and plenty of room inside. The courtyard has numerous trees and gardens, making it feel much like a tiny forest.
Beautiful, isn’t it?”
A soothing voice calls from behind.
You turn and see a smiling man in a robe standing behind you. “It certainly is.” You agree.
“As a Jedi, you pledge yourself to peace and tranquility. And yet, whenever you see examples of it, you can’t help but smile.
It’s only natural.” The man smiles back at you, but his smile is sad. “I envy you for finding peace here.”
You frown. “
Why are you sad? You’re a Jedi, aren’t you?
The man sighs and closes his eyes. “Yes, but I am nothing more than a ghost of the past. My order died out on this day, this very year, fifteen years ago. I am the last Jedi. “
You gasp. “
What happened? How did this happen?”
The man shakes his head. “It’s a long, boring story. I will tell you about it sometime, but right now I have to give you a tour of the place.” He extends a hand. “Master Cilano, by the way.”
“I’m Maehd.” You reply, shaking his hand gently.
Well, Maehd, let’s start your tour, shall we?
This building here is the cafeteria. The cafeteria isn’t much to look at from the outside, but the food is excellent. I think you’ll especially like our garden. We have a full menu of fruits and vegetables that we grow ourselves! You wouldn’t believe how many students asked me if we have corn after they saw some in one of the gardens.”
“That’s great!” You reply, genuinely interested.
You haven’t had fresh corn in years.
“Yes. After this building, we have the dorms for lower classmen.
You’re not a lower classman, so you have your own private quarters in the upper classmen dorms, which is where we’re going now. Come on.”
You follow Master Cilano to a small building behind the cafeteria. He opens the door for you and stands to the side.
“After you, Maehd.”
“Thank you.” You walk in and look around.
The room is nice, if a little empty. There’s a bed, a dresser, and a desk with a chair. An identical set is on the opposite wall. “
So, do I get to decorate it?”
“Of course! We want you to feel at home here!” Master Cilano says. “You can put pictures on the wall, or different furniture, whatever you want! If you want something, all you need to do is ask one of the professors or myself. Now, I have to go. If you want to learn how to get to the classes on your own, talk to Masterpiece over in the arts building. Be seein’ ya!”
Master Cilano leaves, leaving you alone. You walk over to the window and look outside.
You could get used to this.
Over the next few days, you explore the campus a bit and get to know where everything is. The arts building and the class buildings are close together, joined by a shared courtyard.
There’s also a large athletic building with lots of open space for training. You don’t really get to use it though, as Master Cilano says you have to have a teacher’s permission to visit it.
Master Cilano is correct. The food here is excellent.
You have meat every day, and it’s real meat too! Not the processed stuff you usually eat.
The ability to choose your own classes is also awesome. You got to see what classes the other students were signing up for, and since there are so many, you had your pick of any class you wanted.
You decided to sign up for a class on plant species in the galaxy, as well as one on Cantonica’s history. Both seem really interesting to you.
All in all, you’re having a great time at the Jedi Academy. You don’t miss the bar at all.
But, of course, nothing is every perfect. Your room is great and all, but you really miss having your own space.
You’ve cleaned it so many times that the walls are a different color now. (Actually, the wall color changed twice, before settling on a light blue). Plus, you really wish you had some decorations. A few pictures, maybe some more furniture…
After a month at the academy you’ve mostly gotten used to it, but now you just want something new.
The question is, what are you going to do about it?
Sources & references used in this article:
- Affect, culture, and morality, or is it wrong to eat your dog? (C Millan, MJ Peltier – 2006 – Harmony)
- Be the Pack Leader: Use Cesar’s Way to Transform Your Dog… and Your Life (J Haidt, SH Koller, MG Dias – … of personality and social psychology, 1993 – psycnet.apa.org)
- Understanding your dog (C Millan, MJ Peltier – 2007 – books.google.com)
- Dogspeak: How to understand your dog and help him understand you (M Fox – 2015 – books.google.com)
- The emotional dog and its rational tail: a social intuitionist approach to moral judgment. (PB McConnell – 2003 – Random House Digital, Inc.)
- Teaming with your therapy dog (M Hoffman – 1999 – books.google.com)
- Your dog is your teacher: Contemporary dog training beyond radical behaviorism (JM Masson – 1998 – Broadway Books)