Dog Stung By Bee
Dog stung by bee in mouth is one of the most common types of dog bite cases. Most dogs are bitten while they are playing or hunting with their friends.
Dogs may get stung when they play fetch, chase squirrels, or even eat insects. A dog’s saliva contains many toxins which could cause a dog bite case. These toxins include:
1) Anticoagulants – These medications are used to prevent blood clots from forming in your body.
They work by preventing the formation of new blood vessels (angiogenesis). If these arteries do form, they can block blood flow to vital organs such as the brain and heart.
2) Blood thinners – Some drugs called thrombolytics are sometimes prescribed for dogs who have suffered strokes or other vascular problems.
Thrombolysts break up blood clots before they become too dangerous.
3) Antibiotics – Certain bacteria in the gut can cause stomach ulcers and bleeding into the intestines.
These antibiotics can kill off harmful bacteria without causing side effects. However, if the infection gets out of hand, it can lead to severe infections like pneumonia or septicemia.
The cause of death becomes the infection, not the bleeding.
4) Antifungals – These drugs kill off any yeast or fungal overgrowths that may occur in the body.
They are used to treat conditions such as ringworm, yeast infections, and candida. Many of these medications have few side effects if taken for short periods of time.
5) Immunosuppressants – These drugs are used to “turn down” the immune system.
They are often used for patients who have had organ transplants, to prevent the body from rejecting the new organs.
Other causes of blood loss in dogs can include:
1) Leukemia – This is a cancer that affects the blood and bone marrow cells.
The white blood cells in particular are most vulnerable to the effects of leukemia.
2) Anemia – This is a condition in which the bone marrow or other organs don’t produce enough red blood cells (RBCs).
Anemias can be caused by a lack of iron, bleeding, or nutrient deficiencies.
3) Thrombocytopenia – This is a condition in which the platelets drop too low, becoming incapable of stopping bleeding.
Platelets are cells in the blood that help it to clot.
4) DIC – This condition occurs when clots form and begin to block blood vessels throughout the body.
The body responds by trying to dissolve the clot with its own chemicals. These chemicals can sometimes poison the rest of the body, causing multiple organ failure.
Common Types of Dog Bite Injuries:
1) Abrasions – Abrasions or “rubs” are scrapes of the skin which may or may not go to the bone.
2) Punctures – This is a general term for an injury in which the skin is punctured, but not necessarily penetrated all the way to the bone.
A puncture wound may also involve tears or abrasions if the object bounces off the bone and tears the surrounding tissue as it retracts.
3) Lacerations – This is a cut that goes all the way to the bone.
Lacerations can be “jagged” or “clean.” Jagged lacerations have torn the skin at an angle, creating a rough edge to the cut.
Clean lacerations are those that are smooth and even, like a knife would make. The depth of the laceration depends on how much the skin has been separated from the muscle.
4) Abrasions and lacerations can be single or multiple.
A single injury is confined to one area, while a multiple injury involves two or more areas on the body.
5) The location of the wound can be as important as its type and severity.
For instance, wounds to the face are likely to cause more lasting physical damage than wounds to the leg.
6) Punctures or lacerations of the digits (fingers and toes) can cause serious damage due to loss of blood or infection.
Even minor cuts to the digits can become life-threatening injuries if good medical care is not available.
7) Cuts that involve opening up the stomach may lead to serious bleeding.
In addition, there are many small organs in the abdomen, and damaging these can quickly become life-threatening.
“The chances of survival from a wound to the heart are very poor, unless professional medical treatment is immediately available.”
This medical information is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your veterinarian or other qualified health provider prior to treatment of your pet.
1) Wounds in which the skin and flesh are penetrated but no deep organs are involved.
2) Punctures and lacerations that break the skin and go into the muscle layers but do not injure any internal organs.
3) Cuts or tears in the skin that go all the way to, but not through, the other side.
4) Wounds in which the skin is damaged, but none of the other layers of tissue are involved.
The skin is scraped off but no bites are present; there is a cut that goes through the skin and into the muscle but no deeper; etc.)
5) Lacerations in which the skin is not actually “torn,”
Sources & references used in this article:
- Pathological findings in dogs after multiple Africanized bee stings (EC Oliveira, PMO Pedroso, AEWB Meirelles… – Toxicon, 2007 – Elsevier)
- Hymenoptera stings (KT Fitzgerald, AA Flood – Clinical techniques in small animal practice, 2006 – Elsevier)
- Imaging diagnosis: acute lung injury following massive bee envenomation in a dog (T Walker, AS Tidwell, EA Rozanski… – Veterinary Radiology …, 2005 – Wiley Online Library)
- Bee sting envenomation resulting in secondary immune-mediated hemolytic anemia in two dogs. (SJ Noble, PJ Armstrong – Journal of the American Veterinary …, 1999 – ncbi.nlm.nih.gov)
- Kidney injury in a dog following bee sting-associated anaphylaxis (GJ Buckley, C Corrie, C Bandt… – The Canadian Veterinary …, 2017 – ncbi.nlm.nih.gov)
- Presumptive immune‐mediated thrombocytopenia secondary to massive Africanized bee envenomation in a dog (RK Nakamura, RK Fenty… – Journal of Veterinary …, 2013 – Wiley Online Library)
- Systemic Toxic Reaction Due Bee Stings in Dogs (M Machado, DER de Souza… – Acta Scientiae …, 2018 – seer.ufrgs.br)
- Massive attack by honeybees in a German shepherd dog: description of a fatal case and review of the literature (MN Mughal, G Abbas, M Saqib… – Journal of Venomous …, 2014 – SciELO Brasil)
- Bee sting-induced haemolysis, spherocytosis and neural dysfunction in three dogs. (JM Wysoke, P Bland van-den Berg… – Journal of the South …, 1990 – cabdirect.org)