Mountain Dog Breeds: The Massive Pup That Could Be Your New Pet
The following are some facts about various types of dogs. You may not agree with all of them, but at least you will understand what they mean when someone says something like “this breed”.
Some people have different opinions than others, so please don’t take it personally if your opinion differs from other’s.
1) There are over 1,000 known breeds of dogs worldwide.
2) Most dogs come in two basic colors: black or white.
3) Dogs range in size from small pups weighing less than 25 pounds up to large dogs weighing over 200 pounds.
4) Many people believe that there are only three kinds of dogs: hunting, working and show/show ring.
5) There are many varieties of dogs, such as:
a) German Shepherds (German Shepherd Dogs), which include both purebred and mixed-breed dogs. They are used for herding livestock, guarding property and protecting their owners from predators.
These dogs were originally bred to guard sheep in Germany during the Middle Ages. Today, these dogs are popularly owned for protection purposes throughout Europe and North America.
b) Great Danes (Danes). They are known as the Apollo of all dogs.
Most Great Danes are used for hunting, but others are used for their statuesque appearance (e.g., in advertisements). During medieval times, Great Danes were bred for their combat abilities rather than their appearance. This resulted in a dramatic change in their physical appearance.
c) Siberian Huskies (Sibes). These dogs excel at the sledding events in Alaska and long-distance travel.
They have a thick coat, facial whiskers and strong teeth. They are called Siberian for their ability to live in cold environments.
d) Yorkshire Terriers (Yorkies). These dogs are bred to hunt vermin underground.
They have tiny legs and a long, dense coat. The fur protects them from dirt and other debris. They were originally called Broken Haired Scotch Terriers, but the name was shortened when they became popular more than 150 years ago.
e) German Shorthaired Pointers. These dogs have been used to point at birds for hunters for more than a century.
They are often used to hunt upland game and waterfowl in Europe and the United States. They are known for their lean, muscular build, and their unique tail behavior.
f) Newfoundland Dogs (Newfs). These dogs were bred to help humans in a variety of ways.
They are known for their loyalty and physical strength. They were bred to help humans in Newfoundland, Canada pull nets ashore. Today, they are most known for their roles as therapy dogs and rescue dogs.
g) Saint Bernards (St. Bernard’s).
These dogs were bred to rescue people that were snowed in. They have a friendly nature and a desire to be around people and children. They are known for their flag that hangs from their collar which states the name of the saint they were named after: St. Bernard.
h) Whippets (Whippets). These dogs are known for their speed.
They are found in many shapes and sizes, including dog show competition and racing. They were bred to hunt rabbits by chasing them down. They can reach speeds of up to 35 miles per hour.
i) Poodles (Poodle). These dogs are bred for their intelligence and ability to follow commands.
They are often used for show dog competitions. There are three kinds of poodles: Standard, Miniature and Toy. All three were bred to hunt waterfowl.
3) Answer these questions about dogs:
a) True or False: German Shepherds are often used to hunt wolves and other large predators.
b) True or False: Great Danes were bred to hunt boars in Germany during medieval times.
c) True or False: The first person to breed the poodle was King Louis XIV of France.
d) True or False: Siberian Huskies are also known as Malamutes.
e) True or False: Whippets are Greyhounds that are bred for racing.
f) True or False: Poodles were bred for French nobles to look fancy.
g) True or False: Most Great Danes sold are used for appearance purposes (e.g., in advertisements).
h) True or False: Many people have allergies to dog fur and dander.
i) True or False: The three varieties of poodles are all used for different purposes.
4) Answer the following about cats (10 points).
a) True or False: Tomcats spray a smelly liquid to mark their territory.
b) True or False: Domestic cats cannot survive, or at least thrive, in the wild.
c) True or False: The large, flat teeth of a cat are for cutting and tearing flesh.
d) True or False: The loud noise that cats can make is unique to their species.
e) True or False: Cats are colorblind.
f) True or False: All cats have a set of claws that extends and retracts when they want to scratch something.
g) True or False: In many countries, cats have been domesticated for pest control.
h) True or False: All cats can jump five times their height.
i) True or False: There is a species of small cats that walk on two legs.
5) Answer these questions about dogs (10 points).
a) True or False: The first use of dogs as guides for the blind occurred in France in the 1730s.
b) True or False: The most valuable dog in terms of monetary value is the Irish Wolfhound.
c) True or False: The smallest breed of dog is the Chihuahua.
d) True or False: There are more than 400 different recognized breeds of dogs.
e) True or False: There are more than 40 different breeds of guide dogs in training in the United States.
f) True or False: The three kinds of dog coats are Short, Standoff and Long Hair.
g) True or False: The smallest breeds of dogs are too small to be used as guide dogs for the blind.
h) True or False: Many people today suffer from allergies, which dogs can cause.
i) True or False: The longest living dog on record was 29 years old.
6) Answer these questions about cats (10 points).
a) True or False: The first cat show occurred in 1871.
b) True or False: The loud noise that cats can make is unique to their species.
c) True or False: A Tomcat is a male cat.
d) True or False: There are more than 100 different breeds of cats.
e) True or False: All breeds of cats have claws.
f) True or False: The longest living cat on record was 30 years old.
Sources & references used in this article:
- Livestock Protection Dogs (O Dawydiak, D Sims – 2019 – books.google.com)
- Litter size, puppy weight at birth and growth rates in different breeds of dogs (K Fiszdon, I Kowalczyk – Ann Wars Univ Life Sci, 2009 – annals-wuls.sggw.pl)
- Effects of dog-appeasing pheromones on anxiety and fear in puppies during training and on long-term socialization (S Denenberg, GM Landsberg – Journal of the American …, 2008 – Am Vet Med Assoc)
- Behaviour test for eight-week old puppies—heritabilities of tested behaviour traits and its correspondence to later behaviour (M Schaffer – 2009 – Macmillan)
- Can we live without a dog? Consumption life cycles in dog–owner relationships (E Wilsson, PE Sundgren – Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 1998 – Elsevier)